New Study First To Estimate Per-Case Costs Of Six Childhood Health Conditions Linked To Air Pollution

New research on the Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health (CCCEH) at Columbia Mailman School of Public Health is the first to compile the estimated per-case prices of six childhood health situations linked to air pollution—estimates that may be included into advantages assessments of air pollution rules and climate change mitigation policies. Results seem within the journal Environmental Research.

The research reports case-particular monetary estimates for preterm birth, low birth weight, asthma, autism spectrum disorder, consideration-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and IQ reduction in kids—which scientific proof reveals are among the many identified or probably health consequences of prenatal and early childhood exposure to air pollution, 80 % of which is attributable to burning of coal, oil, diesel, and fuel.

The researchers carried out a systematic review of the scientific literature revealed between January 1, 2000, and June 30, 2018, to establish related economic costs for these six adverse health outcomes in kids. In all, they reviewed 1,065 papers from the U.S. and U.K. and recognized 12 most related papers. They individually identified estimates of the lost lifetime earnings related to the lack of a single IQ point.

The study authors prioritized monetary estimates that factored in each immediate medical prices and longer-term and broad societal prices. Nevertheless, they acknowledge that their figures are probably underestimating as a result of they do not adequately seize the lengthy-time period health and societal impacts—for instance, results over the complete life-course or losses in economic productiveness.

Policies to clean the air and address the serious and escalating drawback of climate change will yield numerous advantages for children’s health and for the financial health of households and the nation