To maintain plants and animals on earth, humans need not only to contemplate the direct effects of climate change; however, they should consider other equally vital environmental issues, including modifications in agricultural and forestry practices and oblique effects of climate akin to elevated frequencies of fires.
Recent research printed in the scientific journal PNAS has looked at many different types of plants, bushes, shrubs, herbs, and grasses worldwide. The goal was to discover which environmental factors have the largest effects on plants and how these crops are distributed in the landscape.
The scientists looked among different issues at effects from climate, pollinators, plant feeders, competition, and natural disturbances, such as hurricanes, flooding and fires.
Most of the research on plant distributions focus on climate effects. This has two reasons – one is that climate information is easily available in the shape of climate maps and the second reason is that society at the moment is very concerned about the effects of climate change.
One of many main threats in Sweden is the intensification of forestry, leading to more even-aged forests with a single tree species and fewer old forests, and damaging effects on biodiversity.
Another concern is changes in agriculture, which have resulted in new homogenous landscapes and smaller areas of habitats that can host many classes.