Recent analysis within the area of neuroscience suggests that knowing and talking multiple languages could influence the speaker’s brain structure. Some studies, for example, have discovered differences in the cortical regions and subcortical gray matter structures of bilingual or multilingual adults, compared to these of monolinguals.
These observations are aligned with other observations highlighting changes within the brain construction of those who mastered a new ability, such as juggling, playing the piano or dealing with specific instruments. As these changes have usually been observed in mind areas associated with the acquired skills, bilingualism and multilingualism are anticipated to have an effect on brain areas associated with language processing, learning, and control.
Researchers at the University of Reading and Georgetown University have lately carried out a fresh study exploring the effects on the mental development of figuring out more than one language from early childhood to younger adulthood. Their paper, pre-published on PsyArXiv and currently beneath review for publication in Brain Structure & Function, is predicated on a large repository of previous imaging and behavioral data.
In their past analysis, Pliatsikas and his colleagues discovered that the structural mind changes that happen within the developing mind of bilinguals and multilingual often fluctuate, depending on how frequently they converse the languages they know.
Their new study was aimed toward investigating these changes further, by observing mind development in bilingual and monolingual individuals from childhood to early adulthood.